11+ exams almost always include English, Maths and Reasoning. Sometimes, although rarely, they also include Science or another skills-based subject such as Critical Thinking. School-specific entrance exam information is usually available on the website, and a tutor will often have further ‘insider’ knowledge built up from previous preparation with students.
English exams often include short and long answer comprehension, and creative writing which asks the student to continue the story. Maths exams will be based on the Year 5 National Curriculum, with some extension questions designed to stretch and challenge the strongest students. Reasoning questions could be a mix of verbal, non-verbal and spatial questions, and are usually, but not always, multiple choice.
For the most popular schools, there can be a two-stage process, with an interview day for those who have been successful in the initial examinations. It is worth knowing that some schools now choose their academic scholars purely from their performance in the 11+ exams, so it is worth putting extra effort in if a scholarship is being considered.